The COVID-19 Pandemic: A Journey of Transformation and Lessons Learned for Software Engineers
The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the world as we know it, and remote work has become the new norm for millions of people, including software engineers. In this blog post, we’ll explore the key insights that emerged from the pandemic and what they mean for the future of work.
Remote Work was not a Challenge for Software Engineers
One of the most significant findings of the pandemic was that remote work was not a significant challenge for software engineers. This is because software engineers are already comfortable with technology and are used to working in a digital environment. As a result, they were able to adapt quickly to remote work and continue to be productive.
Quality of Social Contacts and Stress: Impact on Well-Being
The quality of social contacts and stress levels were found to be crucial predictors of an individual’s well-being during the pandemic. Individuals who reported having high-quality social contacts had better well-being, while those who reported high levels of stress had negative well-being. This finding was consistent across both waves of data, indicating that the quality of social contacts and stress levels are stable predictors of well-being during remote work.
Boredom and Distractions: Negative Impact on Productivity
Boredom and distractions were found to have a negative impact on productivity for software engineers during the pandemic. Those who reported high levels of boredom and distractions had lower productivity. This highlights the importance of having a structured and focused work environment for software engineers to be productive during remote work.
Adapting to the Lockdown Situation: Decreased Association Between Predictor Variables and Productivity
Over time, the association between predictor variables and productivity became weaker, indicating that software engineers were able to adapt to the lockdown situation and find new ways to be productive. Longitudinal analyses did not show evidence of any predictor variable causally explaining variance in well-being and productivity.
Gender Differences: Women Coping Better with Distractions
No significant gender differences were found in terms of productivity or well-being during the pandemic. However, women were found to be better at coping with distractions, which suggests that they may be better at maintaining focus during remote work.
Country Differences: Americans More Driven by Material-Extrinsic Motivation
No significant country differences were found between the US and UK in terms of productivity or well-being during the pandemic. However, Americans were found to be more driven by material-extrinsic work motivation, which suggests a greater focus on financial rewards and career advancement.
In conclusion, the pandemic has taught us a lot about remote work, well-being, and productivity. Software engineers were found to be well-suited to remote work, and the quality of social contacts and stress levels were crucial predictors of well-being. Boredom and distractions had a negative impact on productivity, and software engineers were able to adapt to the lockdown situation over time. Women were found to be better at coping with distractions, and Americans were more driven by material-extrinsic motivation. These insights will be valuable as we continue to navigate the new normal and shape the future of work.
- Working from home was per se not a significant challenge for software engineers
- The quality of social contacts predicted positively, and stress predicted an individual’s well-being negatively when controlling for other variables consistently across both waves
- Boredom and distractions predicted productivity negatively
- Productivity was less strongly associated with all predictor variables at time two compared to time one, suggesting that software engineers adapted to the lockdown situation over time
- Longitudinal analyses did not provide evidence that any predictor variable causal explained variance in well-being and productivity
- No significant gender differences. Women are slightly better with coping strategies (Distractions). Kids at home had low impact
- No significant country differences (US vs UK). Americans are driven more by material-extrinsic work motivation
Russo, D., Hanel, P. H., Altnickel, S., & van Berkel, N. (2021). Predictors of Well-being and Productivity among Software Professionals during the COVID-19 Pandemic-A Longitudinal Study. Empirical Software Engineering.
D. Russo, P.H.P. Hanel, S. Altnickel, N. van Berkel. The Daily Life of Software Engineers during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Proceedings of the 43th International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE’21). IEEE. Madrid, Spain, May 2021.
A.A. Cucolaș, D. Russo. The Impact of Working From Home on the Success of Scrum Projects: A Multi-Method Study. arXive, 2107.05955. 2021
D. Russo, P.H.P. Hanel, N. van Berkel. Understanding Developers Well-Being and Productivity: A Longitudinal Analysis of the COVID-19 Pandemic. arXive, 2111.10349. 2021.
D. Russo, P.H.P. Hanel, S. Altnickel, N. van Berkel. Developers Task Satisfaction and Performance during the COVID-19 Pandemic. arXive, 2107.07944. 2021.
PanTra (Pandemic Transformation) investigates the most relevant factors to improve Small and medium-sized enterprises’ (SMEs) resilience during a disruptive event, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. The project focuses on three fundamental dimensions:
- organizational factors (e.g., performance)
- personal characteristics (e.g., employees well-being)
- technological factors (e.g., use of technology)
As a result, PanTra will deliver easy-to-read recommendations for Danish and international companies, as also their employees, to cope best with extreme events.
This project is funded by the Carlsberg Foundation under grant agreement number CF20-0322.